The institution and ideals of student baseball in postwar Japan
              -On the role of Tobita Suishu-

                  Tetsuya NAKAMURA
           (Gaduate School of Hitotsubashi University)


  The purpose of this study is to clarify the power relation that exists in so-called "Japa-
nese Sports" - the Features of which are spiritualism and groupism-through exploring the
foundation process of the Japan Student Baseball Association (JSBA) and the ideals laid out
in the Charter of Student Baseball (Gakusei Yakyu Kensho,CSB) in the postwar era.
This paper is organized in the following way.
  First, I will analyze the idea of BUSHIDO-YAKYU-RON as asserted by TOBITA
SUISHU, the father of student baseball, in the postwar era. Second, the foundation process
and ideas of the JSBA and CSB is examined. Finally the reasons why these theories that
treated sport as a form of moral education spread among Japanese people are analyzed
from within their social context
  The conclusion of this paper is as follows.
1. The aim of TOBITA's BUSHID-YAKYU- RON was to reconstruct a chaotic Japanese So-
   ciety through moral education in baseball. The Ministry of Education delegated the super-
   vision of sport to each sport association, but decided that the aim of sport should be
   moral education.
3. JSBA also recognized the purpose of student baseball as moral education, and legitimated
4. Many Japanese people accepted the aim of sport as the ideal of reconstructing Japanese
   society and preventing juvenile delinquency.
5. Student baseball as a "Japanese Sport" was (and is) compelled not only from the top-
   down, but through a social consensus.
6. The ideals of CSB were designed by Japanese, and excluded "foreign" people in Japan.