People's Travel in the Nineteenth Century
   - Analysis of Per-day Walking Distance of the Travel to the Ise Shrine
                from Edo and Environs-

                 Hironori TANIGAMA

          (Graduate Student, Nippon Sport Science University)


  The present research seeks to grasp the per-day walking distance of the travel to the Ise
Shrine from Edo and its environs by commoners in the nineteenth century in Japan. It also
investigates the various factors that had an impact on the distance, and the background
that supported the travel on foot of.
  The results of the investigations made in the present research are summarized as follows
1. In the nineteenth century, commoners who traveled from Edo and its environs to Ise
  walked the distance of, on average, approximately 34.4 kilometers per day, and around 10
  hours per one day. The day's longest walking distance was approximately 50 kilometers.
  The walking distance in a day was sometimes shortened due to the influence of weather,
  or due to brothels, etc.
2. The walking distance of commoners travel on foot was supported by the maintenance of
  main roads by the Tokugawa shogunate government etc. The efforts were made also
  concerning travel footwear for long-distance walking, and, further, extraordinary care was
  made in regards to their feet in travel at the time; such efforts also enabled the walking
  of long distances.