A study of the process of the enactment of "Beschluß über die weitere
Entwicklung der Körperkultur und des Sportes in der Deutschen
Demokratischen Republik" (1956).
Atsurou HOUGAKU (University of Tsukuba)
The purpose of this study is unravel the aims of the enactment of Besehluß
über die weitere Entwicklung der Körperkultur und des Sportes in der Deutschen
Demokratischen Republik" (1956), that is generally known as the first sports law
in the German Democratic Republic (hereafter GDR). Through analyzing the
social and sports situation in those days, the details, contents and characteristics
of the law, this study examines the meaning of the law.
The following results were obtained. Under the cold war, the law prescribed
to show the excellence of the socialistic system in the sports field. Then the law
comprehensively, concretely, systematically and concentrately prescribed to encourage
all field of GDR sports as compared with the law relating sports that were decided
early days in GDR. To put it concretely, the law legally prescribed the plans
including the establishment of 'Schulsportgemeinschaft', the trainings of coachers
and trainers, military sports, the patriotic education etc. Bihind the enactment
of the law, there existed the governmental aims to imitate Soviet sports as the
law regarded socialistic ideological educations and military sports as important.
On the other hand the government aimed the GDR's original sports as the law
regarded 'Schul sport gemein schaft' as important.